The COVID-19 pandemic has changed all of our lives. Since March 19, 2020, here in Southern California, our lives have been about staying at home and practicing physical distancing. We should continue to stay informed and up to date with COVID-19 news and changes. With information flooding across multiple media platforms, it can be difficult to navigate through the constant updates and be best prepared on how to keep yourself and your loved ones safe.

As of 6/15/2021 – will be updated periodically (initial publish date: 03.05.2020)

To read more about Life and lifestyle during COVID-19, click here.

Other related and new articles:

What is COVID-19?

COVID-19 spreads easily and rapidly in these ways:

Person-to-person (primary form of transmission)

The virus can spread through close contact with an infected person though exposure to droplets from coughs or exhales (Q&A on Coronaviruses, 2020).

Infected surfaces

The virus can also spread after touching an object or surface that has infected droplets on it. Touching an object or surface and then touching the eyes, nose, or mouth can spread COVID-19 (Q&A on Coronaviruses, 2020).

Symptoms of COVID-19 have ranged from mild to severe and can be similar to the symptoms of the common cold and flu. As of July 9, 2020, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has reported the symptoms for the virus include:


  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  • Chills
  • Repeated shaking with chills
  • Sore throat
  • Muscle pain
  • Headache
  • New loss of taste or smell
  • Fatigue
  • Congestion or runny nose
  • Muscle or body aches
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Diarrhea

These known symptoms have shown to appear between 2-14 days after initial exposure. If you think you are experiencing symptoms of the virus, please contact your health care provider over the phone for medical advice before going to their office (Coronavirus Disease 2019, 2020).

Additionally, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is encouraging individuals to be aware of emergency warning signs including:

Emergency Warning Signs

  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  • Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
  • New confusion or inability to arouse
  • Bluish lips or face

If you are experiencing any emergency warning signs, please seek medical help immediately.
It is also important to keep in mind about different symptoms compared to others. Read more here:

Other COVID-19 Related Articles:

Testing for the Virus 

There are several public health laboratories that offer COVID-19 testing (Testing in U.S., 2020). If you suspect you have the virus and/or are displaying symptoms (fever, cough, and shortness of breath), call your primary care physician first. They can help determine if you need to be tested and can help direct you to the correct testing location (Testing, 2020). If your doctor is not providing testing, you can call your local urgent care. However, it is not advised to go to the emergency room just for a test. In addition, the residents in Los Angeles County can call 211, the Los Angeles County information line, to find providers with tests (Becker & Ibarra, 2020).

covid 19 testing
photo credit:

Testing in California

In the state of California, there are multiple testing locations now available. The California Department of Public Health has set four priority categories for who should get tested.

On May 7, 2020, Governor Newsom released a new website that allows California residents to search for nearby test centers:

Testing in Los Angeles County (COVID-19: Testing, 2020).

Free COVID-19 testing is available to LA County residents. LA County and LA City have drive-up testing available. To register for an appointment, click here. LA County residents can also register with a state testing site such as OptumServe or Verily.

Testing in Orange County (COVID-19 Testing, 2020)

There are over 50 testing sites available in Orange County. They offer an easy-to-follow flowchart to guide you if you ever have symptoms.

There are four types of testing available for Orange County: Drive Thru Testing, OC COVID-19 Testing Network for those with Symptoms, OC COVID-19 Testing Super Sites, and State of California OptumServe. All of these accept those who cannot get a test through their health care provider or uninsured.

Testing in Ventura County (COVID-19 Health Care)

Testing capabilities in Ventura County have been expanded for essential workers and residents who have symptoms of the virus. The test is free, and you do not need to have health insurance or a doctor’s referral. Those with symptoms or have had known exposure to someone with COVID-19, call OptumServe at 888.634.1123 or visit Residents can also call the County of Ventura Testing Hotline at 805.652.7660

Residents will answer questions to determine the need for the test. If a test is needed, an appointment will be given at one of the State testing sites or County Urgent Care locations. If you do not have symptoms or close contact with someone diagnosed with COVID-19 and would like to be tested, contact OptumServe.


  • Medicare – Medicare Part B covers COVID-19 testing. This test is used to see if you have the virus. The test is covered when your doctor or other health care provider orders one (Coronavirus Test, 2020). Medicare Part A covers inpatient hospital care when all of the following are true (Inpatient Hospital Care, n.d.). You are admitted to the hospital as an inpatient after an official doctor’s order, which says you need inpatient hospital care to treat your illness or injury. The hospital accepts Medicare. In certain cases, the Utilization Review Committee of the hospital approves your stay while you’re in the hospital.
  • Uninsured (Frazee, 2020) – The testing is free for those without insurance.

Treatment (Updated)

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted approval and emergency approval for the two treatments below, after concluding that the potential benefits of these treatments outweigh the known and potential risks of using these drugs, specifically for severely ill patients.

Veklury (Remdesivir)

On October 22, 2020, the FDA granted approval for the use of the antiviral drug Veklury, also called remdesivir, for the treatment of COVID-19. Previously in May, this drug was granted emergency approval for patients with severe cases of COVID-19 that required supplemental oxygen or mechanical ventilation. In August, this use was expanded the use to all hospitalized patients. Currently, this treatment has been granted approval following several clinical trials of the drug testing its effectiveness. The drug is approved for use in patients over the age of 12 and weighing over 88 pounds. This drug is only authorized to be used in hospitals or health care settings that offer similar care.

(Food and Drug Administration, 2020)

Convalescent Plasma

On August 23, 2020 FDA granted emergency approval for the use of convalescent plasma. Convalescent refers to anyone recovering from a disease. Plasma is the part of the blood that contains antibodies, or proteins made in response to infections (FDA, 2020). Thus, plasma from patients who have had COVID-19 may contain antibodies that can fight against the disease. The emergency use authorization allows for convalescent plasma to be used in COVID-19 patients who have been hospitalized (FDA, 2020). This treatment is still being investigated but has been granted emergency approval because the potential benefits of using plasma outweigh the potential risks of using it.

COVID Vaccine

On December 11, 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine for individuals 16 years or older. Additionally, on December 18, 2020 the FDA approved EUA for the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine for individuals 18 years or older. On February 27, 2021 the Johnson and Johnson COVID-19 vaccine was given EUA for people 18 years or older. The EUA allows faster access to medical products during a health emergency when no other approved options are available (Treatment, 2020). California formed a Scientific Safety Review Workgroup to assess the safety in the vaccines and has confirmed that it is safe and effective (Food and Drug Administration, 2020). In California, all individuals 12 and over are currently eligible to receive the vaccine.

Breakthrough Cases of COVID-19

The COVID-19 vaccines do not provide 100% protection against contracting COVID-19. A person is fully vaccinated if they received the vaccine dose(s) and have waited two weeks past the second or final dose. Since the vaccines do not offer full immunity, even if you are fully vaccinated you can still contract COVID-19. Breakthrough cases occur when vaccinated individuals still contract the virus. As of April 20, 2021 over 87 million Americans were fully vaccinated against COVID-19. Of those 87 million, there have been 7,157 breakthrough cases. Even though breakthrough cases occur, being vaccinated against COVID-19 can decrease the severity of the illness.

For more information on the three COVID-19 vaccines, please read Keiro’s article here.

As of April 15, 2021, all residents of California are eligible to receive the vaccine.

Vaccine Resources by County

Vaccine distribution and priority lists vary by county. For more information on the COVID-19 vaccine in your county, view the links below. These resources provide more information on who is eligible to receive the vaccine, how to schedule an appointment, and how to sign up for vaccine notifications.

Staying Safe During This Pandemic

The most effective way to protect yourself and others against the virus is to be prepared and practice good self-management techniques such as:

  • Physical distancing: make sure to have at least six feet between yourself and others
  • Washing your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds
    • Wash your hands after going to the bathroom, before eating, and while coughing, and sneezing
    • If soap and water are not readily available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol
  • Avoiding close contact with people who are sick
  • Avoiding touching your eyes, nose, and mouth
  • Staying home if you are experiencing any symptoms
  • Covering your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throwing the tissue in the trash. If you do not have access to a tissue, cough or sneeze into your elbow
  • Cleaning and disinfecting frequently touched objects and surfaces (i.e. phones, doorknobs, etc.)
  • Wear a face mask when out in public

Government Resources and Health Orders

Refer to our fact sheet on, Lifestyle During COVID-19 for updates on Health Orders. Here are other websites that may be helpful:

Myths and Scams (updated)

View our articles on COVID-19 myths and scams here:

Keiro supports the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ We Can Do This COVID-19 education campaign in efforts to increase education and awareness about the safety and efficacy of COVID-19 vaccines.

we can do this


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